GMAT Critical Reasoning
Most household appliances use electricity only when in use. Many microwave ovens, however, have built-in clocks and so use some electricity even when they are not in use. The clocks each consume about 45 kilowatt-hours per year. Therefore, households whose microwave oven has no built-in clock use 45 kilowatt-hours per year less. On average, than do comparable households whose microwave oven is otherwise similar but has a built-in clock.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
- A Households that do not have a microwave oven use less energy per year, on average, than do households that have a microwave oven.
- B Microwave ovens with a built-in clock do not generally cost more to buy than microwave ovens without a built-in clock.
- C All households that have a microwave oven also have either a gas oven or a conventional electric oven.
- D Households whose microwave oven does not have a built-in clock are no more likely to have a separate electric clock plugged in than households whose microwave oven has one.
- E There are more households that have a microwave oven with a built-in clock than there are households that have a microwave oven without a built-in clock.
Correct Answer: D