GRE Reading Comprehension

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Source: NO5

The transfer of heat and water vapor from the ocean to the air above it depends on a disequilibrium at the interface of the water and the air. Within about a millimeter of the water, air temperature is close to that of the surface water, and the air is nearly saturated with water vapor. But the differences, however small, are crucial, and the disequilibrium is maintained by air near the surface mixing with air higher up, which is typically appreciably cooler and lower in water-vapor content. The air is mixed by means of turbulence that depends on the wind for its energy. As wind speed increases, so does turbulence, and thus the rate of heat and moisture transfer. Detailed understanding of this phenomenon awaits further study. An interacting—and complicating—phenomenon is wind-to-water transfer of momentum that occurs when waves are   formed. When the wind makes waves, it transfers important amounts of energy—energy that is therefore not available to provide turbulence.

Question List: 1 2 3 4

The primary purpose of the passage is to

  • A resolve a controversy
  • B describe a phenomenon
  • C outline a theory
  • D confirm research findings
  • E classify various observations

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