GRE Reading Comprehension
This possibility has important ramifications. If from the outset Black people were discriminated against, then legal slavery should be viewed as a reflection and an extension of racial prejudice rather than, as many historians including the Handlins have argued, the cause of prejudice. In addition, the existence of discrimination before the advent of legal slavery offers a further explanation for the harsher treatment of Black slaves in North than in South America. Freyre and Tannenbaum have rightly argued that the lack of certain traditions in North America-such as a Roman conception of slayery and a Roman Catholic emphasis on equality-explains why the treatment of Black slaves was more severe there than in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies of South America. But this cannot be the whole explanation since it is merely negative, based only on a lack of something.
According to the passage, the Handlins have argued which of the following about the relationship between racial prejudice and the institution of legal slavery in the English colonies of North America?
- A Racial prejudice and the institution of slavery arose simultaneously.
- B Racial prejudice most often took the form of the imposition of inherited Status, one of the attributes of slavery.
- C The source of racial prejudice was the institution of slavery.
- D Because of the influence of the Roman Catholic church, racial prejudice sometimes did not result in slavery.
- E Although existing in a lesser form before the 1660's, racial prejudice increased sharply after slavery was legalized.
Correct Answer: C