GRE Reading Comprehension
Simone de Beauvoir's work greatly influenced Betty Friedan's----indeed, made it possible. Why, then, was it Friedan who became the prophet of women's emancipation in the United States? Political conditions, as well as a certain anti-intellectual bias, prepared Americans and the American media to better receive Friedan's deradicalized and highly pragmatic The Feminine Mystique, published in 1963, than Beauvoir'，s theoretical reading of women's situation in The Second Sex. In 1963 when The Second Sex first appeared in translation in the United States, the country had entered the silent, fearful fortress of the anticommunist McCarthy years (1950-1954), and Beauvoir was suspected of Marxist sympathies. Even The Nation, a generally liberal magazine, warned its readers against "certain political leanings" of the author.
It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following is a factor in the explanation of why The Feminine Mystique was received more positively in the United States than was The Second Sex?
- A By 1963 political conditions in the United States had changed.
- B Friedan's approach to the issue of women's emancipation was less radical than Beauvoir's.
- C Readers did not recognize the powerful influence of Beauvoir's book on Friedan's ideas.
Correct Answer: AB